A report commissioned by its Environment and Climate Change Department paints a doomsday-like scenario for the country with more flooding, lesser snow, warmer winters and hotter summers that will become the norm.
No matter how much people may deny climate change, its effects are real and here to stay. One just needs to look at the dramatic changes in the climatic condition of Canada and people will know what climate change experts and environmentalists have been talking about all along. A recent report that was commissioned by the Canadian Environment and Climate Change Department has found that the country is warming up faster than any other country in the world. The report also presents a doomsday-like scenario for Canada with more frequent flooding due to glacial melting and sea-level rise and more severe summers, something that is relatively unknown in the country located near the Arctic circle. Most of the warming in Canada according to the report have come about due to "human influence" Not only does the "Canada's Changing Climate Report" as it has been named, states that the country has been warming at double the rates, but it will also continue warming up for a long time to come. Changes brought about by mother nature come about slowly but when they do these are longstanding. Already great climatic upheavals have been taking place around the world. Glacial ice both in the Arctic and Antartic circles have been melting at records rates not seen in the past. Massive flooding and record rains have been taking place in Southeast Asia.
The U.S. has been battered with a record number of storms and the state of California experienced some of the deadliest wildfires in its history. While a number of the findings of the report were already known, the report confirms these. At the same time, it will surely force Canada to act more urgently. Since 1948, when records started to be compiled, the average land temperature in Canada increased by 1.7 degrees Celsius (around 3 degrees Fahrenheit), the Canada Changing Climate report also states.
The report also states that temperature extremes have changed in Canada. This means that the country is set to experience more warm temperatures and will get hotter rather than experience extreme cold climate. These spells of hot temperatures will become more frequent and more intense as the years go on. "North America, and especially Canada, is seeing even more rapid warming than the planet on the whole, and the impacts are now readily apparent," said Michael Mann, a distinguished professor of atmospheric science at Penn State University.
The report also highlights rapid glacial melting over the last 30 years. Snow-covered land has decreased in the country it states. Mann added, "In the case of Canada, climate change threatens its very identity, melting its glaciers and ice, shortening its iconic winters by turning snowfall into rain, and flooding its beautiful coastlines. This latest report drives home the fact that climate change is a dire threat now, and if we don't act to dramatically reduce carbon emissions, that threat will only worsen with time."
Other findings of the report include an increase in the rainfall rather than snow in the country since 1948. This will continue throughout the 21st century and beyond it according to the report. As a result of more frequent rains, there are chances of intense flooding in the years to come with the rise in sea-levels. "Warmer conditions bring summer heat waves, record-breaking floods and wildfires, sea level rise, permafrost thaw, invasive species, and a host of other impacts we're not prepared for," said Katharine Hayhoe, director of the Climate Science Center at Texas Tech University.
She added, "Understanding how climate is changing in the places where we live and what this means for our future is key to ensuring our future is better, not worse than, today." Another finding of the report states that freshwater shortages in the summer will be more common in the future. This is because warmer summers will increase the evaporation of surface water. Like Canada, researchers in the U.S. have also warned of the effects of climate change. However, with a President who is himself a climate change denier, the situation is dire there.
The U.S economy is also set to lose as much as 10 percent of its gross domestic product (GDP) by the end of the century due to climate change. This was the conclusion according to a report of the US Global Change Research Program that was released in November last year. David Easterling, director of the Technical Support Unit at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, said, "The global average temperature is much higher and is rising more rapidly than anything modern civilization has experienced, and this warming trend can only be explained by human activities."