The Full Cold Moon is also called the Long Night’s Moon and it's a treat for celestial enthusiasts.
The upcoming full moon event has been dubbed as a 'Full Cold Moon' by the celestial enthusiasts. But what is a full Cold Moon? The Cold Moon, which is the 12th full moon of the year, will rise on December 12 at 12:12 AM EST. It has several other names too like the Full Cold Moon or the Long Night’s Moon.
The next full moon will occur on December 12th at 12:12 AM ET, and is known as the Cold Moon or Long Nights Moon. This full moon is distinctive for its high trajectory across the sky, causing it to sit above the horizon for a longer period of time.🌕🌑🌙🌞🌜🌟☄️🌝🌚⭐️💫💥 pic.twitter.com/SFBpPF0BD0— Animals are the Victims of Choices we make👍🏻👎🏻 (@BeKindBeCaring) December 6, 2019
According to the Farmers Almanac website, they explained the phenomenon, saying, "During this month the winter cold fastens its grip, and nights are at their longest and darkest. It is also sometimes called the Moon before Yule. The term Long Night’s Moon is a doubly appropriate name because the midwinter night is indeed long, and because the Moon is above the horizon for a long time. The midwinter full Moon has a high trajectory across the sky because it is opposite a low Sun.”
NASA also said, "Europeans call the December full moon the Moon before Yule. Yule is an old northern European winter festival that is now associated with Christmas. The Native American names for the full moon in December — as reported in the Farmer’s Almanac — are the Cold Moon or the Long Night Moon. The Cold Moon gets its name because December is the month when it really starts to get cold, although our coldest average temperatures are in January. The Long Night Moon gets its name because the full moon in December occurs near the solstice, which has the longest night of the year. The full moon takes a high trajectory across the sky because it is opposite to the low sun, so the moon will be above the horizon longer than at other times of the year.”
Full Cold Moon 12/12 at 12:12 AM EST! AKA Full Long Nights Moon. It takes its name from the winter solstice, which has the longest night in the year. The last Full Moon before the 2019 Winter Solstice, which makes it the Mourning Moon according to Pagan tradition. pic.twitter.com/8GPWUWFAfs— Granny Moon (@GrannyMooninVA) December 5, 2019
Even though this is the 12th such full moon of the year, there have been instances when there have been 13 cold full moons. The scientists explained saying it is because the Moon orbits Earth every 29.53 days and it can result in two full moons in one month sometimes.
The second Full Moon in one month is called a Blue Moon. Along with the Full cold moon, the Geminid meteor shower takes place throughout the night on December 13 and stargazers will be treated to an absolutely breathtaking display.
While a number of meteor showers are only viewable for a short window of time very late at night or in the early morning, the Geminid meteor showers actually provide for a rare, full-night viewing opportunity.